A strut in a car serves as a structural and damping component, supporting the vehicle's weight, providing a connection point for the steering system, and helping absorb shocks from the road. It typically consists of a coil spring and a shock absorber housed together in a single unit, contributing to the car's stability and handling.
There are two main types:
1. *MacPherson Struts:* These are a common type of front suspension system where the strut combines the spring and shock absorber into a single unit. MacPherson struts are widely used in front-wheel-drive vehicles.
2. *Shocks and Struts (Separate Components):* In some vehicles, especially those with independent suspension, shocks (or shock absorbers) are separate from struts. Shocks manage the rebound and compression of the suspension, while struts combine these functions with structural support.
These components play a crucial role in maintaining ride comfort, handling, and vehicle stability. The specific type used depends on the vehicle's design and suspension system.